The embarrassing and troublesome problems of woman after menopause.After menopausal women lack estrogen, their vaginal mucosa, vulva, and other structures of the urogenital tract will suffer from malnutrition and atrophic changes.
Vaginal dryness caused by low estrogen can be accompanied by itching, burning, secretions, and dyspareunia. Women affected by this disease may experience various symptoms, including vaginal and vulvar pain and irritation. Vaginal atrophy is characterized by chronic progressive disease, which seriously damages the life quality of women and also sexual health.Atrophic vaginitis is one symptom of the menopausal genitourinary syndrome. The symptoms of vaginal atrophy are vaginal dryness, dyspareunia, vaginal discharge, itching, and pain, which may lead to decreased libido and fear of sexual intercourse.
Treatments and options:
(1) Lubricant and humectant
Lubricant can relieve vaginal dryness and discomfort of intercourse in a short time. The Vaginal moisturizers have long-lasting effects and can relieve the symptoms of vaginal atrophy, enhancing the moisturizing of vaginal mucosa, and lowering the pH value.
(2)Estrogen Hormone Therapy
The systemic or topical application of estrogen medication preparations can sufficiently and quickly improve the maturity and thickness index of the vaginal mucosa, lower the pH value of the vagina, and eliminate the symptoms of vaginal atrophy. Considering the risk and safety of cancer, the American Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommended using local hormones in the vagina as a principle and for breast cancer patients, non-hormonal drugs are recommended.
(3) Vaginal laser therapy
In recent years, vaginal lasers have become one of therapy for postmenopausal genitourinary tract symptoms. Taking carbon dioxide-type vaginal lasers as an example, old mucosal tissues are vaporized and stripped by laser beams, and heat energy is used to stimulate the regeneration of submucosal collagen and hyaluronic acid. Promote the thickening of the inner wall of the vagina, restore the healthy state of the vaginal mucosa, improve vaginal dryness, burning, and itching, as well as decrease the vaginal pH and reduce infection.
(4) Take probiotics and external moisturizers
Taking probiotics, supplemented by with vaginal moisturizing lubricants, can enhance the moisturizing effect of vaginal mucosa and lower the pH value, which can relieve vaginal atrophy and dryness and discomfort, and is safe and without side effects.